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4 destinations for the 4 seasons if you are fan of photography

4 destinations for the 4 seasons if you are fan of photography


Not everything in the holidays will be monuments, mojitos, endless walks and days of beach in which you do not take the sands from one day to another. There are people whose vacation periods are seen through the lens of their inseparable camera, so we've been thinking of suggesting four destinations for four seasons if you're a big fan of photography.

Of course there are not all who are or are not all who are, but it has seemed to us that the splendor of nature deserves these four destinations (plus some more suggestion) for its color and its magnificence. Open to new ideas, however.

Japan in Spring


Perhaps one of the most overwhelming images of nature in full expression is when cherry blossoms in Japan. Those trees covered entirely by white and pink flowers, the Sakura, which covers everything and endow the landscape with a marvel for sight and for one who knows how to capture that beauty with the lens of his camera. One of the most fascinating sites is Takato Castle Ruins Park in Nagano, a city with more than 700 years of history and in which more than 1500 cherry trees flourish for a week, approximately at the beginning of April. Yes, about 400,000 people come every year to see them.

Norway in Summer

People may think that the best thing about visiting Norway is to go in winter to catch the snow and its white splendor, but no, the show that produces the Midnight Sun in the Baltic summer, will not let you sleep, and not only because it looks 24 hours a day, but because the colors are fascinating. A sun that does not set, a sunset that never ends and when it seems that it goes back and returns to look. Fantastic the page of tourism of Norway that advises to you how to make the best use of your photographs, because that is what you will go to.

New England in Autumn



The arrival of autumn in New England will cause the green of the trees to be changed into a kaleidoscope of colors that go by hue that the human eye would not believe. Depending on which part you can go before or after in the year, but know that in the area north of Maine, Vermont and New Hampshire the splendor will be in late September, mid-October and further south in Massachusetts and Rhode Island And along the coast of New Hampshire and southern Maine will last well into November. Of course it is easy to find tours chasing that colorful, and even a kind of search of colors of foliage.

Alaska in winter



Obviously if a boat soon tell you to go to Alaska in winter may seem like the worst idea in the world, but if you are a big fan of photography and you want to observe in its full glory the Polar Auroras this is your site and this is you station. Explained as awkward a Polar Aurora (boreal in the northern hemisphere, southern in the south) is a phenomenon in the form of brightness or luminescence that occurs in the night sky, usually in polar zones. I think the photo explained it better than I did. Of course it is also easy to find a tour that takes you to see them and do not miss a beat.
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7 reasons Why Melbourne is Different


If you have not sat in a graffiti-painted alleyway, between skyscrapers and have not had a comforting coffee to recover from the wind and cold, then you have not been to Melbourne. After a coffee, you may have been in Federation Square, so on a trolley to get there.

The location of modern Melbourne is the will of John Batman, its founder, who from Tasmania bought the Aborigines a region at the mouth of the Yarra River. Batman, did not imagine that 150 years later would be the second most important city of Australia. Business center and skyscrapers, but also, alternative city and full of social life.

1) Architecture

It is now one of the most expensive cities to live in, even more than New York and during the Gold Rush was the richest city in the world coinciding with the Victorian era of England. From those years there are beautiful buildings such as the House of Parliament, Princess Theaters, Regent and Her Majesty, Royal Palace of Exhibitions, Flinders Street Railway Station or State Library.

2) Trams

When many cities around the world have already eliminated their tram lines, Melbourne is still intact. The benefits of the tram in Melbourne are greater than its disadvantages, so why eliminate it if, in addition, it is the largest network of urban trams in the world. Melvinians love their trams and visitors are very comfortable to get around, especially line 35, which is free.

3) Coffee culture

As if it were a great European capital, the Melburnians are experts in coffee. There is nothing more special and necessary every morning in Melbourne than a cup of coffee. Not one, but two, three ... And it will not be for the cafes, which are on every corner, from the biggest avenue, to the most hidden alley. But each one has its own favorite barista. Of course, do not expect to pay less than $ 4 (about € 2.75) for the cheapest coffee.

4) Hidden alleyways and bars

Among skyscrapers there is space for narrow alleyways where it takes place all the outdoor life characteristic of Melbourne. You will find cafes, bars and the whole atmosphere of the city. Here, to what may seem like the back door of a restaurant, is a retro style bar where you can enter to sail and if you wish, stay away from the cold winter.

5) Street art

In Melbourne, the graffiti of the dark alleys is more than graffiti and they are considered street art. Between coffee and coffee, avenue and avenue, stroll through Hosier Lane, Degrave Street, Rutledge Lane and other streets of the graffiti route. You will notice.

6) Everywhere by bike

Melbourne is a completely flat city, the cyclist's paradise. You can reach practically any place by bicycle, thanks to the recent program of extension of lanes bike. More bicycles, more trams and fewer motorcycles mean better air quality. Although air, a lot of air is running through the streets of Melbourne.

7) Festivals

Every week there is a different event in Melbourne. From a classic game, to the Ukulele festival, or the strange environmental film festival.
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The Australian Island occupied By Two Million Penguins

The Australian Island occupied By Two Million Penguins




If we think of any part of the world that is near Antarctica, we would probably expect to see a white islet covered with snow or ice. In contrast, Macquarie Island is a green piece of land, pertaining to Australia, which is the paradise of penguins and up to three-and-a-half million seabirds.
You may have passed some beaches where they say that the penguins go to rest, and after waiting for hours, they do not appear. On Macquarie Island, it's just the opposite: it's hard to see rock or sand.

Discovered by seal hunters

Macquarie was discovered in 1810 by seal hunters and was inhabited until its population of seals and elephant seals, which reached 100,000 specimens, was practically exterminated. Something similar happened in 1870 with an enormous colony of about four-million penguins, hunted to extract its fat.

Already in the 20th century, these activities ceased, but hunters and later inhabitants had brought mammals and other birds that adapted to the island and continued to damage their endemic fauna and flora.

To recover the ecosystem, first of all, the domestic animals like horses, pigs, sheep, and goats were taken from the island. The wekas (a very common non-flying bird in New Zealand) and cats were eradicated by the year 2000. And the last phase of return to endemic species ended in 2014 with the extermination of rats and rabbits. As this action plan progressed, the seabird population gradually recovered.

A unique place in the world

Macquarie Island is only 34 kilometers long and five kilometers wide. It belongs administratively to the Australian state of Tasmania and was classified as a protected area of that state in 1978.

But beyond its singularity as a natural reserve and ideal habitat for marine wildlife, it stands out as the only place on the planet formed by rocky material from the Earth's mantle, located six kilometers below the ocean floor. 

It is currently estimated that there are more than two million penguins in Macquarie, spread over four different species. Three-and-a-half million seabirds, including four species of albatross, in addition to seals and up to 70,000 elephant seals come to the island in times of nesting and molting.
In order to protect its ecosystem and its unique geology, it was declared a patrimony of UNESCO in 1997.


Where is Macquarie Island?



It is located in South Australia, about 1450 kilometers from Tasmania and about 960 kilometers from Stewart Island (New Zealand). In other words, just think is halfway between Australia and Antarctica.

The easiest way to get there -or the least complicated one- is on one of the Antarctic cruises that leave Hobart, Tasmania (Australia) or Bluff, New Zealand. In any case, as a protected place, the visits are very limited and a previous permission of the service of Parks and Wildlife of Tasmania is necessary to enter.
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10 powerful reasons to know the Great Barrier Reef (whether or not you are a diver)

10 powerful reasons to know the Great Barrier Reef (whether or not you are a diver)




For those who haven't been here yet, and in order to encourage you to catch a flight to Australia and, above all, to notice everything that you will be seeing when you get there, next we will present you ten powerful reasons to attend the Great Barrier Reef show:

1) Located on the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland in northeastern Australia, it can be seen from space because it is about 2600 kilometers long.

It seems a trivial reason, but it is not so much if we consider that many of the places that are said to be contemplated from space can not really, as is the case of the Great Wall of China.

2) It is considered the largest living animal in the world. 

However, it actually consists of many colonies of corals.

3) The Great Barrier Reef has been declared a World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1981.

Protection that imposes measures that, for example, prohibit anchoring pleasure boats and landing on corals. Before arriving here it is necessary to know the restrictions and recommendations for visitors of the National Park Authority, published on its website.

4) The biodiversity here is so extraordinary...

... That we can find up to 1800 different species of fish, 125 of sharks and more than 5000 species of mollusks. In addition to about 400 species of coral. 215 species of birds (including 22 bird species and 32 species of shorebirds) visit the reef or nest in the islands. The Great Barrier Reef islands also have 2,195 known plant species.

5) The green turtle, the clownfish (yes, the one in the Finding Nemo movie), seahorses, marine crocodiles are some of the species that we can contemplate if we dare to practice scuba diving.

In addition there are other species in danger of extinction, like the Dugongo, that is like a manatee but its caudal fin is bilobulada. It reaches 3 meters in length and weighs more than 200 kilos of weight.

6) If you do not dare to dive with the whole team, you can always visit the place with a boat that allows you to contemplate the seabed.

Another option midway between both is snorkeling. For the hesitant, then you have what you are missing if you dare not dive.

7) In Queensland the average of sunny days is 300 a year.

So you will not have the excuse of bad weather.


8) The best way to enjoy the natural wonders of the Great Barrier is to do it in one of the resort islands spread over any of the three coral lines.

Some islands remain pristine from the time the James Cook first stepped on them in 1770. Like Angsana Great Barrier Reef, a boutique-resort on Palm Cove

9) Corals are very sensitive to ocean temperature changes.

So that due to global warming, the place could be wasted in a short time. Not in vain, corals have halved since the 1980s.

10) The tenth reason is purely for the view.

There is nothing that can be compared with this beauty.

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Eating And Drinking on Mountain Expeditions

Eating And Drinking on Mountain Expeditions




Food is an essential condition to achieve any sporting challenge. But diet has even more significance in performance if the duration of physical activity is lengthened over time, whether it is intense and precise physical resistance or whether it takes many hours a day for several days, and even weeks, to achieve the objective.

Mountaineers participating in high mountain expeditions should take care of the diet before, during and after each day. The energy supply they need to compensate for the high physical wear and tear that each climb represents is extraordinary. But the desire to eat and drink are limited by the fatigue of many days of effort, extreme cold conditions and hypoxia or lack of oxygen that occurs at altitudes that exceed 4,500 meters.

The foods selected for these marches must have a series of characteristics: small volume, concentrated in energy, easy to digest and requiring a lower oxygen consumption and energy expenditure in digestion.

Important energy expenditure

Over 3,500 meters high, a climber who makes an intense effort in the ascension has an energy expenditure that easily surpasses the 5,000 kilocalories (it even needs about 8,000 Kcal./day), up to three times more than the Daily amount required (1,800-2,000 Kcal.) by a sedentary person of the same age, weight and height.

The energy of the food should allow the mountaineer to march at the estimated pace, not forgetting the strength he needs to carry the backpack and counteract the cold of the environment. The proportion of energy obtained from food will be similar to any sport of resistance: between 60% and 70% in the form of carbohydrates, 10% to 12% in proteins and 30% in fats.

The fatigue that accumulates after days of intense effort, together with extreme cold and hypoxia, favor the loss of appetite. The key not to stop eating or drinking during the ascent is in the proper selection of food and beverages.

Acclimatization to food in height

During high mountain expeditions two types of diets are distinguished. The meals that are consumed in the base camp and those that are taken during the march. In the first case, climbers have more time to eat and enjoy, in general, a quieter environment, although this depends on various factors such as mountain type and weather conditions.

Sufficient feeding and hydration is essential to allow prolonged effort and to avoid cases of hypothermia and hypoglycemia

The mountaineer stays in the base camp for a few days and returns to it after the ascents to the nearby peaks to acclimate to the altitude. The meals at this time should be reparative, with a significant carbohydrate load, which will provide reserve energy, in addition to protein, nutrients that will serve (along with the above) for muscle recovery. The contribution of fats is essential, since it is the largest energy source.

Having a minimum reserve of fats helps the body to fight against the cold. However, the type of fatty foods will be carefully chosen, since they require more effort in their digestion. Products rich in fats, such as sausages, meats, eggs, fritters, whole milk or cheeses, among others, should be discarded. Nuts, combined with dried cereals and fruits, can be taken as an energy snack.

During the ascent, which can last for several hours or days, it raises another type of food. It is the so-called "attack food" or "ration march". It should be composed of foods of high energy value and easy digestion. Rapid and intermediate carbohydrate snacks such as energy bars, dried fruit mixed with dried fruits (dates, fig bread, dried prunes), cereal flakes and chopped fruit, among others, will not be lacking in the backpack. .

In moments of maximum effort or when you are near the summit, you can resort to glucose or dextrose gels or tablets. These products provide an immediate energy pulse that the mountaineer must take advantage of quickly. Afterwards, another ration of energy foods will be taken, so as not to feel weakness, since if it is not done this can appear the fearsome "pájara", that will compromise the return in good conditions.

In the mountains, the fight against exhaustion must be preventive: food and hydration sufficient to allow a prolonged effort and avoid situations of hypothermia and hypoglycemia.
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7 Winter Sports To Enjoy The Snow Without Having To Go Skiing

7 Winter Sports To Enjoy The Snow Without Having To Go Skiing


In winter sports, the most popular is skiing. Many are anxiously awaiting the arrival of the white season and the first snowfalls to slip into their warm suit and descend the mountain at speeds of vertigo. However, one of the main disadvantages of skiing is the high cost of practicing it: renting and preparing the equipment, buying the right clothes, traveling and lodging in the mountains, ski pass ...

But if we do not want to leave the salary in the attempt or we just do not go skiing, there are alternatives, such as these winter sports to enjoy the snow without having to go skiing.

Hiking on the mountains

We do not need to travel to a ski resort to enjoy the snow and what the sport brings us in the middle of nature. Near the cities we can find places where you can practice trekking, hiking routes and mountain trails, such as the trails of the Port of Canencia, in the north sierra of Madrid.

Simply remember that it is important that you shelter properly and that you leave early in the morning: in winter the days are much shorter, and from six in the evening the darkness begins to fall, so that time arrives We must be back.

Snow rackets

If descending a mountain skiing is fun, snowshoeing also has its one, especially if we season with a snowball battle in the middle of the route. Snowshoes attach to boots and weave our weight over a larger surface, so it is easier for us to move through snow or ice.

The rackets are much cheaper than the ski equipment (you can find them in Decathlon for less than 50 euros the pair) and can be a good alternative to spend a day in the snow with the whole family.

Sleds in the snow

If there is something that amuses children and adults alike, that is the snow sled. From the most basic sleds to sit down and launch down the mountain to a few more elaborate options, with which we made our sled into a whole car.

To get off at top speed first you have to climb, so prepare your legs for a good ride up the mountain before enjoying the descent and the more than sure skid in the snow.

Fat bikes

Can you imagine riding a bike in the snow? Sounds complicated, right? Fat bikes make it a bit easier. These are bicycles with thicker wheels and much thicker than usual: lift a very low pressure and without suspensions. In this way the fat bikes are "grab" much better.

Although the ideal place to use fat bikes is snow, we can also make a lot of them in the sand of the beach, which is equally soft and malleable.

Snowbike

Another mode that combines bicycle and snow, but in a different way: in this case we change the wheels of the traditional bike for a pair of skis and ... voila! We already have a snowbike to enjoy the snow on "wheels".

With these bikes you can reach high speeds (the world record is 166 km / hour) and are highly valued by people with knee problems that limit them when practicing other snow sports such as skiing or snowboarding.

Ice climbing

Only for brave and expert mountaineers, the ice climbing invites us to enjoy unrivaled blue landscapes. To practice it we will need good protections, ropes, piolets and other equipment: safety is ahead of everything in this sport.

If you are still in an initial level, you can practice climbing to use in the different free climbing walls that exist in different cities. Practice first "dry" to be able to move easily on the ice.

Cross-country skiing

With this type of ski you will save your ski pass, but it is necessary a very similar equipment to the alpine ski. In this case, the skis rise in the area of ​​the heel, which is free to get a greater movement.

Cross-country skiing combines the best of mountaineering and downhill skiing: we will make a route on the snow walking with our skis, usually climbing up to a peak (you do not need to go by a marked path: we only need the presence of snow) As in traditional skiing. A demanding but very grateful exercise that will put us in direct contact with nature.
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How To Choose The Right Hiking Clothing

How To Choose The Right Hiking Clothing


More and more we choose one of the many online mountain clothing stores to buy our clothes, tools and accessories for hiking. This has many advantages like not moving from home, being able to see in a very short time a lot of offers, etc. But it also has some disadvantages, the most serious, not having the advice of someone who knows that you need. 

Precisely in this article I will show you how to dress appropriately for hiking, so that when you enter an online hiking shop you know where to move and what to buy exactly.

THE THEORY OF THE THREE LAYERS

Surely many have read by some web of the thematic the famous theory of the three layers consisting of: a breathable layer, another that shelters and finally one that protects us from inclement weather. Well, let's explain this theory that any hiker should know to properly buy their hiking clothes.

The first layer must be breathable (synthetic materials), ie a cotton jersey is totally prohibited. Why? Some will ask, and the answer is very easy: when trekking sweat, so a breathable layer allows the sweat to pass to the outside and dries quickly, giving us more comfort; In addition, if we sweat, the temperature is low and our layer attached to the skin does not transpire well, the sensation of cold will increase drastically.

The second layer is the one that will provide us with a coat, avoiding that the heat that produces our body escapes, so that although it is cold we keep warm, usually for this purpose polar jackets are used for the upper part of the body.

Finally, we have the layer to protect us from the outside, this layer will prevent rain, snow, wind etc. Penetrate into our body, but we also need to be breathable. Now we have many garments made with membranes that allow both. And there are many jackets that provide the second and third layer at the same time and are removable. Personally I prefer these jackets when I buy mountaineering clothes in an online store.

TROUSERS AND FOOTWEAR

For the lower part, in very low temperatures or in places with very changing climatology, it is also convenient to use the theory of the three layers, with a thermal mesh and trekking pants would be covered. Already in more temperate zones is enough with a trousers of hiking, long or short, according to the time of the year.

As for footwear, the first thing to take into account the climate, for dry and hot climates is to look for breathability, instead in wet and cold climates, impermeability. Also, there are a wide variety of sneakers and boots to choose from at any online store with hiking equipment, so let's explain the 4 main families we will find: mountain slippers

- The hiking shoes are light and flexible, although they do not provide the ankle support offered by the rest, ideal for short walks and without many accidents.

- The medium shank boots are also lightweight and flexible, but also offer more ankle support, are ideal for people with a tendency to ankle injuries and do not have to carry much weight.

- Tall cane boots are perhaps the most used for long routes, with a very good hold of the joint allows you to carry enough weight in the backpack and go on rough terrain with a low risk of twisting the ankle and getting injured.

- Finally we have the mountaineering boots, indicated for very extreme situations like approaches to very high peaks and lands with ice and / or snow, for normal routes are too heavy and rigid.

I would just like to add that it is always convenient to carry the three layers in the backpack, especially in unfamiliar terrains and climates, you never know what is going to happen on the mountain and it is better to prevent than cure.

I hope this article will help you for your next purchases!
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